Human Trafficking Survey by IOM - Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania and Bulgaria
This report presents the results of national representative surveys in Belarus, Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine. The objectives of the survey were to analyze general public attitudes towards employment abroad and human trafficking as well as to estimate the prevalence of human trafficking in these five countries.
The research main objectives were to apply survey techniques to evaluate human trafficking prevalence in Belarus, Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania and Ukraine and analyze factors for human trafficking in the five countries. To summarize the research findings, human trafficking prevalence is affected by labour migration rates: this is clearly observed for Moldova. However, labour migration is not the only factor explaining the level of human trafficking: in the cases of Ukraine and Belarus, the human trafficking rates were unexpectedly high given the relatively low labour migration rates.